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Audiol > Volume 9(2); 2013 > Article
Audiology 2013;9(2): 175-189.
Published online: December 31, 2013.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2013.9.2.175
노인복지관 이용 노인의 청력상태 및 청능재활 서비스 프로그램 요구 조사
황준호1, 신은영2, 김진숙3
1한림대학교 일반대학원 언어청각학과
2세한대학교 언어치료청각학과
3한림대학교 자연과학대학 언어청각학부, 청각언어연구소
A Study on Hearing Self-status and Aural Rehabilitation Program Needs of the Elderly who Attend Geriatric Welfare
Junho Hwang1, Eun Yeong Shin2, Jinsook Kim3
1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
2Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Sehan University, Chonnam, Korea
3Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Jinsook Kim ,Tel: (033)248-2213, Fax: (033)256-3420, Email: jskim@hallym.ac.kr
Received: October 30, 2013; Revised: November 22, 2013   Accepted: November 28, 2013.  Published online: December 31, 2013.
ABSTRACT
This study was aimed to promote social welfare and health services of the elderly people through understanding their hearing status and investigating the needs for geriatric welfare program for the hearing impaired. The study was conducted using a structured questionnaire answered by 118 senior participants who were older than 60 and attending at the selected five welfare centers located in Seoul, Gyung-gi and Gang-won provinces. As a result, first, 55.1% answered that their physical condition is not satisfied and 89% reported they have one or more diseases. Out of those, 18.8% were suffering from hearing disorders, which is listed in the second most common disease following arthritis from which 19.2% were suffering. Second, due to hearing loss, 48.3% have experienced difficulties in daily life and 42.4% seeking professional help. The most difficult condition for them was to hear soft speeches and the most desirable service for help was hearing aid. Third, when the needs for rehabilitation services are subdivided, the most desirable rehabilitation service was physical therapy (56.8%) and aural rehabilitation service was followed (34.8%). Besides, 82.2% were interested in evaluating their hearing ability regularly at welfare center. Fourth, the majority of geriatric welfare center users strongly showed their needs for hearing aid services, aural rehabilitation services after hearing aids fitting, aural rehabilitation services, instruction for hearing conservation, and hearing conservation program. As stated below, the results can be concluded. Instruction of the hearing conservation for seniors who suffer from hearing loss should be activated. Moreover, social welfare services such as aural rehabilitation programs should be systematized to build various ability to cope with hearing loss because increase of the geriatric population will increase the elderly hearing impaired in the future.
Key Words: Geriatric welfare center, Hearing status, Hearing conservation, Aural rehabilitation
중심단어: 노인복지센터, 청능재활 서비스프로그램, 청력상태, 청력보존관리, 고령화, 청각장애
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