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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 12(2); 2016 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2016;12(2): 74-81.
Published online: April 30, 2016.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/asr.2016.12.2.74
청력손실이 있는 노인에서 세계보건기구 삶의 질 척도(WHOQOL-BREF)의 신뢰도와 타당도: 보청기 착용 유무
박성일
우송대학교 언어치료청각재활학부
The Reliability and Validity of World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument in Elderly Patients with Hearing Loss: Depending on Use of Hearing Aid
Sungil Park
Department of Speech Pathology Therapy and Aural Rehabilitation, Woosong University, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence  Sungil Park ,Tel: +82-42-630-9224, Fax: +82-42-630-9229, Email: psiyes@naver.com
Received: January 22, 2016; Revised: February 18, 2016   Accepted: March 11, 2016.  Published online: April 30, 2016.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
Presbycusis is a common disorder and may contribute to the development of some psychiatric problem in the elderly, resulting in social -isolation. The purpose of this study was to identify the quality of life of hearing impaired who use hearing aids and hearing aid non-users through World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL). We measured the reliability and validity of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) in elderly individuals with hearing loss. The main purpose was to find out whether WHOQOL-BREF is a good measurement or not for quality of life in elderly with hearing loss.
Method:
Sixty-two elderly individuals with hearing loss aged sixty years or more participated in the study. They were recruited from a hearing aids center or social welfare facilities. Participants were divided into two groups: non hearing aid users and hearing aid users. WHOQOL-BREF, which is a short version of the WHOQOL, consisted of 26 questions. Among them, 2 questions were about general quality-of-life and the rest of them were associated with four aspects: physical, psychological, environmental, and social relations. The scores of this inventory were compared between the two groups.
Results:
Significant differences were observed in the only overall score for quality of life between two groups (p < 0.05), but no significant differences were observed in other factors. The overall reliability was Cronbach’s alpha was 0.76 for hearing aid users and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.56 about hearing aid non-users.
Conclusion:
The result of this study suggested that it is not appropriate to use Korean WHOQOL-BREF for measuring the quality of life for elderly people with hearing loss because it doesn’t have good internal consistency.
Key Words: World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument, Hearing loss, Hearing aid, Quality of life.
중심단어: 세계보건기구 삶의 질 척도 단축형· 청력손실· 보청기· 삶의 질.
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