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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 12(2); 2016 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2016;12(2): 74-81.
Published online: April 30, 2016.
doi: http://doi.org/10.21848/asr.2016.12.2.74
청력손실이 있는 노인에서 세계보건기구 삶의 질 척도(WHOQOL-BREF)의 신뢰도와 타당도: 보청기 착용 유무
우송대학교 언어치료청각재활학부
The Reliability and Validity of World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument in Elderly Patients with Hearing Loss: Depending on Use of Hearing Aid
Sungil Park
Department of Speech Pathology Therapy and Aural Rehabilitation, Woosong University, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence  Sungil Park ,Tel: +82-42-630-9224, Fax: +82-42-630-9229, Email: psiyes@naver.com
Received: January 22, 2016; Revised: February 18, 2016   Accepted: March 11, 2016.  Published online: April 30, 2016.
Presbycusis is a common disorder and may contribute to the development of some psychiatric problem in the elderly, resulting in social -isolation. The purpose of this study was to identify the quality of life of hearing impaired who use hearing aids and hearing aid non-users through World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL). We measured the reliability and validity of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) in elderly individuals with hearing loss. The main purpose was to find out whether WHOQOL-BREF is a good measurement or not for quality of life in elderly with hearing loss.
Sixty-two elderly individuals with hearing loss aged sixty years or more participated in the study. They were recruited from a hearing aids center or social welfare facilities. Participants were divided into two groups: non hearing aid users and hearing aid users. WHOQOL-BREF, which is a short version of the WHOQOL, consisted of 26 questions. Among them, 2 questions were about general quality-of-life and the rest of them were associated with four aspects: physical, psychological, environmental, and social relations. The scores of this inventory were compared between the two groups.
Significant differences were observed in the only overall score for quality of life between two groups (p < 0.05), but no significant differences were observed in other factors. The overall reliability was Cronbach’s alpha was 0.76 for hearing aid users and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.56 about hearing aid non-users.
The result of this study suggested that it is not appropriate to use Korean WHOQOL-BREF for measuring the quality of life for elderly people with hearing loss because it doesn’t have good internal consistency.
Key Words: World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument, Hearing loss, Hearing aid, Quality of life.
중심단어: 세계보건기구 삶의 질 척도 단축형· 청력손실· 보청기· 삶의 질.
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