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Audiol > Volume 11(3); 2015 > Article
Audiology 2015;11(3): 240-254.
Published online: July 31, 2015.
doi: http://doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2015.11.3.240
담화 산출 조건에 따른 학령기 청각장애 아동과 건청 아동의 이야기 구문 특성
한림대학교 일반대학원 언어병리청각학과
Syntactic Characteristics in Narratives of Children With and Without Hearing Loss on Two Narrative Production Conditions
Hyejin Park
Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Hyejin Park ,Tel: (033) 248-3310, Fax: (033) 256-3420, Email: hpark@hallym.ac.kr
Received: June 5, 2015; Revised: June 30, 2015   Accepted: July 10, 2015.  Published online: July 31, 2015.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the narrative production condition and topics in children with and without hearing loss. The participants were 9 children using hearing aids or cochlear implant who had been educated in the mainstreamed setting, and 9 children having normal hearing ranged between 9 and 11 years of age. All participants scored above –1 SD on the standardized language test and narrative comprehension assessment. Narrative data was collected on the two conditions; story retelling and story generation. Each condition had two topics, which were different in terms of the familiarity to children. Collected data were analyzed in the number of T-unit, Mean Length of T-unit in morphemes (MLTm), Subordinate Index (SI), the type of independent clause, and grammatical error. The results showed that there was no difference between groups on the syntactic characteristics, but their performances were different according to the narrative production conditions, story modeled to children, and the topics. The hearing loss group was more sensitive to the condition for the data collection. It suggests that the narrative condition, model story, and topics should be considered when collecting narrative data as well as analyze and interprete the data, especially for the hearing impaired group.
Key Words: Grammatical error, Hearing loss, School-aged, Narrative, Story retelling, Story generation, MLTm, Subordinate index
중심단어: 구문복잡도, 문법 형태소, 이야기 생성, 이야기 회상, 청각장애, 평균 문장 길이
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