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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 13(3); 2017 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2017;13(3): 209-215.
Published online: July 31, 2017.
doi: http://doi.org/10.21848/asr.2017.13.3.209
이명의 요양과 장애 보상: 전역 군인의 군 소음으로 인한 이명 장애를 중심으로
서울의료원 직업환경의학과
Tinnitus Disability Compensation: Focusing on Tinnitus Disorder Caused by Military Noise in Veterans
KyooSang Kim
Occupational Environmental Medicine, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  KyooSang Kim ,Tel: +82-2-2276-7755, Fax: +82-2-2276-7438, Email: kyoosang@daum.net
Received: May 2, 2017; Revised: May 11, 2017   Accepted: May 17, 2017.  Published online: July 31, 2017.
Military service personnel are constantly exposed to sudden, loud noises, and often show a higher auditory threshold than the general population, as well as tinnitus. Tinnitus in military personnel can occur alone, without any complaints of hearing impairment. When accompanied by hearing impairment, the low/mid-frequency hearing loss is not large, and the hearing threshold may appear to be increased in the high frequency range from 3-6 kHz. Therefore, by calculating the average hearing threshold and restricting disability assessments to cases of tinnitus with a moderate degree of hearing impairment of 50 dB, most veterans with tinnitus will be excluded from compensation. Not only are the diagnoses, evaluations, and auditory complications of tinnitus not considered, neither are the mental and psychological effects, nor the aspects of treatment and rehabilitation related to quality of life. This study aims to examine the characteristics of tinnitus disorder due to military noise. In addition, this study proposes that tinnitus should be classified as a public occupational disease in veterans, and discusses problems with the criteria for disability compensation and examinations.
Key Words: Tinnitus, Military, Noise, Hearing impairment, Disability
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