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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 12(Suppl 1); 2016 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2016;12(0): S47-S50.
Published online: March 31, 2016.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/asr.2016.12.S1.S47
인공와우 착용자의 청능훈련
오수희
한림국제대학원대학교 청각언어연구소
An Overview of Auditory Training for Cochlear Implant Recipients
Soo Hee Oh
Hallym Institute of Advanced International Studies, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Soo Hee Oh ,Tel: +82-70-8680-6901, Fax: +82-2-3453-6618, Email: osh503@naver.com
Received: March 2, 2016;  Accepted: March 10, 2016.  Published online: March 31, 2016.
ABSTRACT
Auditory training for cochlear implant (CI) recipients involves complex and interactive processes occurring between sensory and cognitive functions. It does not just facilitate “hearing” but also bridges the gap between “hearing” and “listening comprehension”. For this reason, auditory training is applicable to the school-aged or elderly populations, centering on their cognitive abilities. Types of auditory training for CI users were determined by learning types, training targets, training methods, training rates, and training materials. Active training involves active auditory learning processes with intensive or extended training programs. Compared to passive auditory learning processes, involving automatic adaptation to electric hearing without training, active training focuses on long term improvements and active user involvements throughout the training session. Due to easy access to training management systems, the computer-assisted auditory training is widely used for active training programs. Although there was substantial individual variability in the magnitude of training benefits, active auditory training using various speech materials for CI users provided speech perception benefits in quiet and noise (approximately 10-25% across test materials). Auditory training using non-speech materials (e.g. indexical information, digits) is related with top-down processes such as memory, attention, or utilization of additional linguistic cues, emphasizing interactive mechanisms between bottom-up and top-down processes. It was reported that trained listeners with non-speech materials achieved improved performance in speech perception tasks, by facilitating the high-level of perceptual processing. Additional factors influencing on training outcomes such as feedbacks or rates were also reviewed.
Key Words: Auditory training, Cochlear implant, Speech perception.
중심단어: 청능훈련· 인공와우· 언어인지.
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