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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 12(1); 2016 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2016;12(1): 36-44.
Published online: January 31, 2016.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/asr.2016.12.1.36
노인의 청력과 시력에 대한 객관적 검사와 주관적 평가 비교
김기선
세한대학교 기술교육과
The Comparison of Objective Evaluation and Subjective Assessment for Hearing and Vision in the Elderly
Ki-Sun Kim
Department of Technical Education, Sehan University, Yeongam, Korea
Correspondence  Ki-Sun Kim ,Tel: +82-61-469-1303, Fax: +82-61-469-1353, Email: kskim@sehan.ac.kr
Received: December 7, 2015; Revised: December 26, 2015   Accepted: January 12, 2016.  Published online: January 31, 2016.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
The weakness of functions with hearing and vision sensory peripheral system induced cognitive decrease and negative effects in everyday life, and quality of life in the elderly also. Dual sensory loss, hearing loss and vision impairment, was more affected than just one sensory problem. However, the full extent of hearing and vision impairments is not well known. Therefore the aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of hearing and vision impairments.
Method:
This study was showed the prevalence of hearing and vision impairment by age, gender, hearing loss degree, and vision impairment degree in the Jeollanam-do older people.
Results:
The difficulties of hearing and vision experienced in everyday life by questionnaire were investigated and compared the results obtained objective evaluation. In this study, the elderly people about 66% were had dual sensory loss and almost people were experienced difficulties through everyday life. The most proportion of participants could not have activity limitation, but 96% felt participation restrictions. The most commonly reported difficulties were participation restrictions in visual impairments.
Conclusion:
The objective evaluations and subjective assessments for hearing and vision need to provide appropriate rehabilitation. Also this research data were prepared for welfare for the elderly.
Key Words: Hearing loss, Vision impairment, Dual sensory loss, Objective evaluation, Subjective questionnaire.
중심단어: 청력손실· 시력손실· 두 감각기관 저하· 객관적 평가· 주관적 설문.
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