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Audiol > Volume 7(1); 2011 > Article
Audiology 2011;7(1): 19-27.
Published online: June 30, 2011.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2011.7.1.19
Attitudes toward Loss of Hearing Questionnaire (ALHQ)를 이용한 난청인의 심리적 평가의 타당성 연구
조병해1, 신은영2, 김진숙3
1한림대학교 보건대학원 재활학과 청각학전공
2한림대학교 일반대학원 청각학전공
3한림대학교 자연과학대학 언어청각학부, 청각언어연구소
A study of validity for psychometric evaluation using Attitude toward Loss of Hearing Questionnaire (ALHQ) for the hearing impaired.
Byung Hae Jo1, Eun Yeong Shin2, Jin Sook Kim3
1Audiology, Rehabilitation, Graduate School of Public Health, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
2Graduate Program in Audiology, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
3Division of Speech Pathology & Audiology, Audiology & Speech Pathology Research Institute, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Jin Sook Kim ,Tel: (033) 248-2213, Fax: (033) 256-3420, Email: jskim@hallym.ac.kr
Received: April 13, 2011; Revised: June 2, 2011   Accepted: June 14, 2011.  Published online: June 30, 2011.
ABSTRACT
Attitudes toward Loss of Hearing Questionnaire (ALHQ) designed by Brooks(1989) was interpreted to Korean in order to provide Korean psychometric evaluation data. For validating the results and possibility of clinical utilization, the analysis method was adapted from Saunders & Cienkowski(1996) who divided five reliable scales of 24-questions version of ALHQ: 1) Social Emotional Impact of Hearing Loss (SEI), 2) Lack of Acceptance/Adjustment to Hearing Loss (LAA), 3) Perceived Absence of Support from Significant Others (PASSO), 4) Hearing Aid Stigma (HAS), 5) Awareness of Hearing Loss (AHL). 104 hearing impaired Korean participated and completed the questionnaire. Scoring method 1 and 2, giving 1 and 2 for the positive response, respectively, were used. All five scales were scored such that a positive response, and consequently a higher score, means a poor attitude toward hearing loss. Cronbach's α were .471~ .693 and .368~ .628, for scoring method 1 and 2, indicating somewhat low reliability. The correlation of the scales were statistically significant for all scales. Pure tone audiometric data explained little about the variance in scores. Right ear pure tone averages of 0.5~4 kHz were significantly correlated with SEI scores and SEI scores were significantly correlated with total ALHQ score, LAA and SEI. Demographic factors such as gender, age, marital status, period of wearing hearing aid did not give any influence over the scores. Conclusively, the interpreted ALHQ is a potentially useful clinical tool for aural rehabilitation and counseling, if the personality data are added and more studies are conducted with more participants. However, it is suggested to develop Korean questionnaire to overcome interpreted English questionnaire.
Key Words: Attitudes toward Loss of Hearing Questionnaire (ALHQ), Aural rehabilitation, Counseling, Hearing impaired.
중심단어: 상담, 청능재활, 청력손상, 청력손실에 대한 태도 설문지(ALHQ).
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