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Audiol > Volume 11(2); 2015 > Article
Audiology 2015;11(2): 108-119.
Published online: April 30, 2015.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2015.11.2.108
이명과 난청이 GIN (Gaps-In-Noise)과 이명장애지수에 미치는 영향
권효은1,2, 김창우1, 이재희2
1한림대학교강동성심병원 이비인후과
2한림국제대학원대학교 청각학과
The Effects of Tinnitus and Hearing Loss on Results of GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) and the Tinnitus–related Subjective Handicap
Hyo Eun Kwon1,2, Chang Woo Kim1, Jae Hee Lee2
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul
2Department of Audiology, Hallym University of Graduate Studies, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Jae Hee Lee ,Tel: (02) 2051-4952, Fax: (02) 3453-6618, Email: leejaehee@hallym.ac.kr
Received: March 16, 2015; Revised: April 8, 2015   Accepted: April 10, 2015.  Published online: April 30, 2015.
ABSTRACT
GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test is a clinically useful material which evaluates abilities of auditory temporal processing. Although GIN test has been evaluated from various groups and the normative data of GIN has been obtained from children to older adults, little research has focused on comparison of GIN performances in listeners with tinnitus, hearing loss, and both. The present study aimed to (1) examine the effect of tinnitus and hearing loss on GIN test for four listener groups differing in tinnitus and hearing sensitivity, (2) observe any relationship between the results of GIN test and the subjective responses of K-THI and K-TDI questionnaires. The results showed that both tinnitus and hearing loss significantly affected GIN threshold (ms) and GIN score (%). The results of K-THI and K-TDI questionnaires demonstrate that listeners with tinnitus who performed poorer in GIN test reported greater problems in their life activities. This supports the previous findings that temporal resolution abilities can be influenced by hearing sensitivity as well as tinnitus. Thus, the GIN test can be useful to identify deficits of auditory temporal resolution in patients with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Key Words: Gaps-In-Noise (GIN), Auditory temporal resolution, Tinnitus, Hearing loss
중심단어: 시간정보처리능력, 이명, 난청
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