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Audiol > Volume 11(1); 2015 > Article
Audiology 2015;11(1): 45-62.
Published online: January 31, 2015.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2015.11.1.45
한국어 LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire를 이용한 건청과 청각장애 아동의 듣기 발달 연구
손미나1, 김진숙2, 박혜진3
1다산 청각재활연구원
2한림대학교 자연과학대학 언어청각학부, 청각언어연구소
3한림대학교 일반대학원 언어병리청각학과
Auditory Development Assessment with LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire in Children with and without Hearing Loss
Mina Sohn1, Jinsook Kim2, Hyejin Park3
1Dasan Aural Rehabilitation Lab, Seoul, Korea
2Dinision of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym University, Chuncheon
3Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Hyejin Park ,Tel: (033) 248-3310, Fax: (033) 256-3420, Email: hyejinpark1@gmail.com
Received: January 3, 2015; Revised: January 16, 2015   Accepted: January 19, 2015.  Published online: January 31, 2015.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Korean version of LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire (LEAQ-K) in normal hearing (NH) children aged 0 through 24 months, and in children with hearing loss (HL) using hearing aids or cochlear implant for 0 through 24 months after identification of their hearing loss before 24 month of age. Data collection was carried out with onehundred eight NH and thirty one HL children filling out a LEAQ-K. There sults with NH group showed that the total score of LEAQ-K was highly correlated with the chronological age (r = .904), and that age accounted for 82.3% of the total variance of the LEAQ-K score, which indicated LEAQ-K homogeneously measured the age-dependent auditory behavior. The Korean norm curve was highly correlated (r = .995) to the data from the overall sample from Coninx et al.(2009), which implied very good comparability of Koran language specific norm data with the overall sample data. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = .96) and reliability (Spearman’s split-half coefficient = .93) were very good. The results were true for the HL group using hearing aids or cochlear implant. The rate of auditory development in the HL group was faster than the NH group, especially between 6 through 15 months after exposure to sounds through their hearing assistive devices. The hearing age of the HL group was the only factor that accounted for 73.0% of the total variance of the LEAQ-K total score. The results suggest that LEAQ-K is a reliable and valid tool for assessing auditory skills of young children with and without hearing loss.
Key Words: LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire, New born hearing screening, Children with hearing loss, Cochlear implant, Auditory development
중심단어: LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire, 청각장애 영유아, 청각장애 아동, 신생아 청력 선별검사, 인공와우, 듣기 발달
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