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Audiol > Volume 9(1); 2013 > Article
Audiology 2013;9(1): 49-59.
Published online: June 30, 2013.
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2013.9.1.49
노인성난청의 단어인지도 특성분석
백혜정1, 심현용1, 김진숙2,3
1한림대학교 일반대학원 언어청각학과
2한림대학교 자연과학대학 언어청각학부
3청각언어연구소
An Analysis of Characteristics for Word Recognition Scores in Geriatric Hearing Loss
Hye Jeong Baek1, Hyun-Yong Shim1, Jinsook Kim2,3
1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
2Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, College of Natural Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
3Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Jinsook Kim ,Tel: (033)248-2213, Fax: (033)256-3420, Email: jskim@hallym.ac.kr
Received: April 30, 2013; Revised: June 12, 2013   Accepted: June 18, 2013.  Published online: June 30, 2013.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of geriatric hearing loss based on word recognition scores (WRSs) in terms of response patterns. Three hundred hearing impaired participants whose age range was 55 to 92 years, grouped 55~64, 65~74, and 75+, performed WRSs and puretone audiometry with the agreements. The results showed as follows. First, the results showed no gender difference, but showed difference in age group and the degree of hearing loss with PT average with 500, 1,000, and 2,000 Hz. As the age and the degree of hearing loss increased, WRSs decreased. Second, 2,000 Hz puretone thresholds were most important to WRSs with statistical significant correlations of 42 words out of 50, followed by 1,000, 4,000, 500, 250, 8,000 Hz in the order. Third, initial consonants and vowels which showed 5 or more frequencies /ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅇ, ㅈ/ and /ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, l/ revealed statistical significance whereas final consonants did not. Fourth, the average hearing thresholds figures of the participants who showed lower than 70% WRSs and higher than 90% WRSs were similar. Conclusively, this results should be considered in rehabilitation process and hearing aid fitting for the geriatric population.
Key Words: Word recognition scores, Puretone thresholds, Geriatirc hearing loss
중심단어: 단어인지도, 순음역치, 노인성난청
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