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Audiology and Speech Research > Volume 13(1); 2017 > Article
Audiology and Speech Research 2017;13(1): 19-27. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21848/asr.2017.13.1.19
한국어 버전 일상생활 청각행동 설문지의 신뢰도와 타당도
최재희1, 윤건석1, 장현숙2
1한림대학교 일반대학원 언어병리청각학과
2한림대학교 자연과학대학 언어청각학부·청각언어연구소
Validity and Reliability of Korean Version of the Auditory Behavior in Everyday Life Questionnaire
Jaehee Choi1, Keonseok Yoon1, Hyunsook Jang2
1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
2Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, College of Natural Sciences,
Correspondence  Hyunsook Jang ,Tel: +82-33-248-2218, Fax: +82-33-256-3420, Email: hsjang@hallym.ac.kr
Received: January 31, 2017; Revised: January 31, 2017   Accepted: January 31, 2017.  Published online: January 31, 2017.
The Auditory Behavior in Everyday Life (ABEL) questionnaire has been proven for its reliability and validity across various cultures for assessing auditory behaviors of children with hearing loss. The study’s purpose was to translate the ABEL questionnaire into Korean and verify reliability and validity of Korean version of ABEL (ABEL-K).
After translation, the ABEL-K evaluated for appropriateness, and back translated by a bilingual user to compare to the original regarding semantic equivalence. ABEL-K was completed by 48 parents of children (from ages 3-15 years) with hearing loss (9 children with hearing aids and 39 children with cochlear implants). Among the 48 children, 11 were in preschool, 16 in elementary, and 21 in secondary. Internal consistency reliability of ABEL-K was verified by Chronbach’s alpha. The mixed factorial ANOVA was conducted to compare the age group and the evaluation areas (aural-oral, auditory awareness, and social/conversational skills). The Pearson Correlation Coefficient between the scores and chronological age, and scores and period of CI experience were evaluated, respectively.
The results indicated that although ABEL-K showed good internal consistency reliability (α = 0.90), there seems to be issues in its validity due to ambiguous expression and the cultural differences. The ABEL scores among age groups were not significantly different. However, there was a significant difference in ABEL scores between auditory awareness and social/conversational skill areas. There was significant correlation with CI experience, but not with chronological age.
Thus, this study suggests a way that ABEL-K should be utilized, taking precautions in the interpretation of the results.
Key Words: Auditory Behavior in Everyday Life, Questionnaire, Children with hearing loss, Reliability.
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